What To Plant In July-Zones 1-10
Today it’s all about what to plant in July. Yes, you can still plant some seeds or seedlings this month. It’s not too late to plant now and then to harvest a fall crop late summer or early fall. By the way, how is your garden doing? I like to update this post every year with new tips. This week I am planting more Cilantro, carrots, zucchini, and green beans. Where I buy my garden seeds: SeedsNow
I highly recommend planting flowers near your garden because if you have flowers the bees will come and help pollinate your garden plants. Oh, and don’t forget the butterflies. They are magical to me. My favorite flower to bring bees to my garden area are Perennial Salvia plants. Because they are perennial plants you cut them back a few times a year and they keep coming back, and so do the bees. These are the seeds: Perennial Salvia
How I store my garden seeds:
Plastic Photo Container and Label Maker
What To Plant In July-Zones 1-10
Where I buy my garden seeds: SeedsNow
I highly recommend these products for growing your seedlings: CowPots and Organic Seedling Soil, this way you plant your seeds and place the CowPots in your garden when the temperatures are right.
Soil pH Levels
What Does The Term pH Level Mean
You’ve probably heard people say that having the right ph level in your garden soil is important for a successful garden harvest. You may be wondering what the term pH level is when gardening and how to determine what your garden soil’s ph level might be? Each plant prefers a different level of acidity to grow the very best harvest. The level of acidity desired varies between each plant.
Therefore, you can adjust the pH of your soil by adding lime or sulfur to bring it up or down, depending on what your soil needs. You can have your soil tested, possibly by your state extension service, or try and do it yourself with a soil tester. pH Tester
How To Hand Pollinate
All you need is a paintbrush or cotton swab (see below). If you need to hand pollinate because you aren’t seeing any fruit develop, here is something you may want to try. You do this by removing the male blossom (male blossoms don’t have fruit behind them).
They produce pollen, leaving the center covered in the pollen to collect with the brush or swab. Use a brush or swab to apply the pollen you collected to the center of the female flower. This works for squash, melons, and cucumbers every time.
What to Plant in July by Zone
July is definitely not too late to start a garden. In fact, it can be a perfect time, depending on what zone you live in. Here is what you can plant by zone:
While July is peak harvesting time for many places, the cooler climate locations can start planting their gardens. If you live in zones 1-3, it is prime time to start planting the following:
- Beans (snap)
- Brussels sprouts (Zone 2)
- Carrots (Zone 2)
- Chinese Cabbage
- Lettuce (head and leaf)
Zones 4-5 are found throughout the Northern Midwest states and New England. Here is what you can plant in these zones during July:
- Beans (pole and bush)
- Brussels sprouts
- Chinese cabbage
- Squash (winter)
In zones 6-7, you have mild temperatures during this time. This means it is the optimal time to grow some of these plants in your garden:
When you live in the southern states, it is pretty hot during July. But, there are still a number of items you can plant. Here are just a few:
- Brussels sprouts
- Peas (Southern)
Cucumbers thrive when the weather is hot and they receive a lot of water. Plant them in full sun. If you planted seeds inside, make sure you don’t set your seedlings outside until the weather is in the 70-degree range.
Check the last frost date and wait two weeks before planting the seedlings or seeds outside. You can plant a second set of cucumber seeds in the first week of July and still be able to harvest them before the first fall frost date.
Decide if you want to grow bush cucumbers or cucumbers on the vine. I have always had better luck with bush cucumbers. Bush cucumbers work great in pots or in small gardens.
This is why they do better in my raised gardens. I suggest you stagger when planting the seeds because you will have cucumbers bearing at different times during the growing season, instead of all at the same time producing a huge picking.
Compost and Well-Rotted Manure
Cucumbers like compost and composted well-rotted manure. They need well-fertilized soil. Cucumbers grow fast and don’t depend on a lot of care or work to get them to thrive. When watering, try and keep the leaves dry to keep leaf diseases from forming.
Male blooms show up first and drop off. No worries, within a week or two, a female flower will appear. If not, you may have to do hand pollination. You do this by removing the male blossom, leaving the center covered in the pollen. Use a brush or cotton swab to apply the pollen you collected to the center of the female flower.
Use metal cages for vines, the cucumbers will hang better on those because they will attach easier to the wires when growing. Plant two to three seeds about one inch into the soil, and cover with the soil.
If the soil is moist and warm you will see sprouts within a few days. Plant the seeds or plants 36-60 inches apart. Bush cucumbers can be planted closer. Cucumbers grow from start to finish in 50-70 days.
pH level for Cucumbers: 6.5 to 7.0
I have always grown bush beans, they have a shorter growing time, from 60-70 days. Just enough time, if you plant the seeds in the first few days of July.
This is one of my favorite vegetables to grow. When our girls were growing up, we grew a lot of green beans. We canned bushels of them in our pressure cooker.
They taste so good when they are freshly picked. I only grew bush beans, but you can plant pole beans if you have a way to support them up off the ground.
Bush beans grow about 2 feet tall, and the pole beans grow up to 10 feet tall. Bush beans are ready to pick about 50-55 days after planting. Pole beans take a bit longer, so plan on 55-65 days to harvest.
Please remember, if you can stagger the plantings every 2 weeks you can harvest green beans for weeks rather than all at once in one week.
Green beans like a good composted rich soil with rotted-manure. You plant the seeds 1-2 -inches deep and cover them with soil. Space the seeds in rows about 6-8 inches apart.
Water immediately and keep regularly watering them until they begin to sprout. After they begin sprouting they need 1 to 1.5 inches of water each week. They need full sun, so plan accordingly. They grow best when the air temperatures are between 65 to 85 degrees.
When the green beans are the size of a pencil they are ready. They can toughen up very quickly, so check on them often. You pick them by snapping them off at the vine.
pH level for Green Beans: 6.0 to 6.2
Plant In July-Lettuce Varieties
The nice thing about lettuce is it’s so easy to grow and it sprouts up pretty fast. Just make sure the soil is loosened, loamy, and well-drained. Lettuce loves nitrogen and potassium, so keep your eye on the leaves as they start to grow.
Work in a lot of organic matter or compost. Lettuce matures in 55 to 60 days. Romaine takes longer to mature, and so does head lettuce varieties.
Summer Lettuce Seeds: Summer Bibb
Other heat resistance varieties are Adriana, Coastal Star, Red Cross, and Muir.
Plant the seeds about 1/4 inch deep, tamp them in the soil, and water them. Easy and simple. Read the package to space according to the lettuce you choose. Seeds will not germinate in soils above 80 degrees F.
You can start some seeds indoors and transplant the seedlings into a shady spot when the weather is too hot outside to start the plants directly in the soil. You may want to choose heat-resistant varieties if you live where the temperatures get too hot in the summer.
It’s better to pick early than late in the growing cycle because the leaves become bitter if you wait too long.
pH level for Lettuce: 6.0-7.0
Zucchini or Crookneck
Summer Squash: zucchini, crookneck, and straight-neck (harvested in the summer before they reach maturity). Yes, you can start a second planting if you plant the summer squash seeds by the first week or so of July.
Winter Squash: pumpkins, butternut, spaghetti, and acorn squash (harvested in the autumn months after they reach maturity).
When you plant the seeds, test the soil to make sure it is at least 60 degrees F. before sowing your seeds. They need full sun exposure. They need loamy soil, rich in nutrients. The soil must drain properly.
Plant the seeds in hills (2-3 seeds each) one inch deep. Space them 2-3 feet apart. Thin as needed to produce the strongest plant. Use a cloche to keep the plants warm in case of cool weather.
Mulch the plants to keep them moist and weed-free. When the first blooms appear, fertilize the plants.
Water deeply, at least one inch of water per week. The soil needs to be moist at least 4 inches down. If your blossom ends turn black and rot, then you have blossom rot. It’s usually caused by uneven moisture in the soil. It could also be a calcium problem.
Water must be consistent and frequent for the fruit to produce. If the fruits are misshapen, they may not have received enough water or fertilizer. Check for fruit you can pick daily, they grow faster than you may think.
pH level for Squash: 5.5-6.8
Please Check Out What To Plant Each Month:
- What To Plant In January
- What To Plant In February
- What To Plant In March
- What To Plant In April
- What To Plant In May
- What To Plant In June
- What To Plant In July
- What To Plant In August
- What To Plant In September
- What To Plant In October
It’s all about being self-reliant, and gardening is a great way to do it. It doesn’t have to be the biggest garden on the block, it can be on a small deck with pots planted with the seeds of the plants you love to eat.
It can be a shared piece of property or several acres. Whatever we can do to produce some of our own food is one of the best things we can do to teach our families to take care of themselves.
So, if you were wondering what to plant in July, now you know and you can pass this information on to your neighbors. Thanks for being prepared for the unexpected. May God bless this world, Linda
Copyright Images: Gardening AdobeStock_218588157 by Irina Fischer
10 thoughts on “What To Plant In July-Zones 1-10”
I always love when you come out with your updated what to plant month by month newsletter. I always find things I want to try.
HI Jackie, thank you for your kind words, my sweet friend. I love hearing this! Linda
Huge thanks for this post! I am new to your site and new to the idea of trying to grow some of our own food. This post is so, so helpful and inspiring to me! With much appreciation to you, Linda!
Hi Diane, oh, welcome to our forum! Thank you for your kind words, Linda
Oh my goodness Linda! You never cease to amaze! To think all these years I’ve been storing grandbaby photos in my organizer! If I had only known that I should have been saving all my seeds in there instead of photos!!! Hmmm…Linda? I love you but what do I do with all the grandbaby pictures now? Oops!
I really needed some advice on what to plant – we are moving from western Washington to southern Arizona so what I can plant “outside” will be entirely different! I just read in “Grit” magazine that I should be planting my strawberries in late august or early September! Wow!
I think I’ll be sticking with my Aero Gardens for awhile till I get used to the temperatures there.
(p.,s. I’m now on my 4th copy of your grand book! Everyone – if you don’t already have a copy of Linda’s book get yourself two – yes I said two – copies. You’ll wear out the first copy very quickly – all those Post It tabs and high lighter lines ya know!)
Hi Cheryl, you made my day with all your kind words!! Are you the one that told me about the AeroGardens?? I bought 3 more for my new house that isn’t built yet!! I gave one to a daughter and one to a granddaughter!! I LOVE LOVE LOVE them! It took me a couple of years to learn how to grow a garden in the desert. The heat is a killer and the temps!!! I had to buy a lot of shade fabric to keep my plants from cooking literally in the heat. You are so sweet to mention my book, my friend! The grandbaby photos, I love it!! I can just sit around and watch them crawl, giggle, and learn to walk. My youngest grandchild is now 14, I miss the little ones. Linda
I grow Contender green beans every year. They are a very reliable bush type, with good yields and are very tasty. I usually try a different variety of pole beans every year too. I’m still looking for one that is reliable year in year out. The French Climbing bean (Franchi Sementi) I tried the past two years did very well the first year and we’re almost totally unproductive last year. Such is life. As you know, I grow heirlooms so I can save the seeds for the next crop. My Contender beans have been doing well for eight years now. Not that i’m planting eight year old seeds, but I’ve found they last for at least two years without any problems at all.
By the way, I save my seeds in an old, but still functioning, fridge, in everything from envelopes to glass jars.
Hi Ray, I love hearing about the beans that will grow in the desert and I’m sure other places. Heirlooms are the only seeds I buy as well. It’s hard to judge how long the seeds will store and still germinate. Thanks for letting us know about the bean seeds lasting 2 years. It’s hard to tell how long they will last. The fridge idea is a great tip! Linda
I forgot. I highly recommend Hopi Grey and Delicata squash. Much like acorn squash they bake up beautifully with butter and brown sugar. Next to the Black Beauty zucchini i grow every year they are my favorites. They also are delicious simply sauteed in butter. Both last a long time but the Hopi Grey gets huge and can last all they way through the winter and until your next years zucchini crop is ready. Seriously, if kept in a cool, dry environment I’ve had it last for 9 months.
Hi Ray, oh my gosh, that is awesome! I love squash! I will have to try the Hopi Grey! Great idea! Linda